Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/rokcommon/RokCommon/Service/ContainerImpl.php on line 454 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/plugins/system/rokextender/rokextender.php on line 32 Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.internal_encoding is deprecated in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 28 Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.input_encoding is deprecated in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 29 Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.output_encoding is deprecated in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 30 Deprecated: Non-static method RokCandyHelper::getMacros() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/plugins/system/rokcandy/rokcandy.php on line 28 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/administrator/components/com_rokcandy/helpers/rokcandy.php on line 13 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/administrator/components/com_rokcandy/helpers/rokcandy.php on line 14 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method RokCandyHelper::getUserMacros() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/joomla/cache/controller/callback.php on line 159 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/administrator/components/com_rokcandy/helpers/rokcandy.php on line 24 Deprecated: Non-static method RokCandyHelper::getTemplateOverrides() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/administrator/components/com_rokcandy/helpers/rokcandy.php on line 18 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/administrator/components/com_rokcandy/helpers/rokcandy.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/administrator/components/com_rokcandy/helpers/rokcandy.php on line 42 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method RokCandyHelper::readIniFile() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/joomla/cache/controller/callback.php on line 159 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/plugins/system/rokbox/rokbox.php on line 51 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/plugins/system/rokcandy/rokcandy.php on line 67 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/plugins/system/rokcandy/rokcandy.php on line 37 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 421 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Declaration of LikeWhereClause::testRow() should be compatible with WhereClause::testRow($row, $rowSchema = NULL) in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantryflatfile.class.php on line 662 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 188 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 189 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 246 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 247 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 205 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 489 Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1085 Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/includes/application.php on line 539 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1085 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Declaration of GantryParamProcessorAlias::postLoad() should be compatible with GantryParamProcessor::postLoad(&$gantry, $param_name, &$param_element, &$data, $value) in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/params/processors/alias.php on line 17 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 489 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 489 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 489 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/utilities/gantrycache.class.php on line 70 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 321 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 324 Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 337 Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/includes/application.php on line 539 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 337 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Strict Standards: Non-static method GantryLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/gantry.php on line 40 Deprecated: Non-static method GantrySessionParamOverride::populate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1239 Deprecated: Non-static method GantryCookieParamOverride::populate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1240 Deprecated: Non-static method GantryMenuItemParamOverride::populate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1243 Deprecated: Non-static method GantryMenuItemParamOverride::_populateSingleItem() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/params/overrides/gantrymenuitemparamoverride.class.php on line 36 Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/params/overrides/gantrymenuitemparamoverride.class.php on line 54 Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/includes/application.php on line 539 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/params/overrides/gantrymenuitemparamoverride.class.php on line 54 Deprecated: Non-static method GantryUrlParamOverride::populate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1246 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 1053 Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/features/inactive.php on line 31 Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/includes/application.php on line 539 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/features/inactive.php on line 31 Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/features/pagesuffix.php on line 38 Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/includes/application.php on line 539 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/features/pagesuffix.php on line 38 Что такое холдинг
Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/np12524/domains/otve4aem.ru/public_html/libraries/gantry/core/gantry.class.php on line 489
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Авг 04 2012

холдингЕсли Вы на достаточном уровне владеете английским языком, то наверно знаете перевод слова holding. Оно может иметь несколько значений, одно из них – это «владение».  Для ответа на вопрос что такое холдинг, а точнее для того, чтобы дать определение этому слову, значение «владение» будет подходящим, для «составляющего определения». 

Холдинг – это совокупность материнских компаний, и подвластных ей дочерних компаний.  Существуют как простые холдинги, так и сложные. Сейчас мы дадим ответы на то, что такое холдинг, как простой, так и сложный.

Типы холдинга

Простой холдинг – это одно материнское предприятие, которое владеет одним или несколькими дочерними предприятиями (именно их совокупность, а не материнское предприятие подразумевается под «простым холдингом»). Такие компании могут называться «сестринскими».

Сложный холдинг – это  сложная структура, в которой дочернее предприятие выступает в качестве материнской компании по отношению к «внучатым» компаниям. Материнская компания, стоящая во главе всех вышеперечисленных структур, называется холдинговой компанией.

Холдинг

Типы холдинга бывают следующими:

  1. В зависимости от того, какой способ установлен для владения материнской компании дочерними, различают:
  1. Имущественный холдинг.  В таком холдинге, материнская компания владеет пакетом акции (а именно, контрольным пакетом) дочерней компании.
  2. Договорной холдинг.  В таком холдинге, главная компания не имеет контрольный пакет акций дочерней, а контроль происходит за счет условий, которые оговорены в договоре, заключённом между ними.В зависимости от того, какие функции и работы выполняет главная, выделяют:
  3. Чистый холдинг.  В  таком холдинге,  материнская компания владеет контрольными пакетами акций дочерних, но ведет чисто функции контроля и управления.
  4. Смешанный холдинг.  В таком холдинге, головная компания выполняет производственную деятельность и одновременно ведет контроль и управление над дочерними.

   2.  От того, какая производственная связь между компаниями, различают:

  1. Интегрированный холдинг.  В таком холдинге, предприятия связаны с помощью технологической цепочки. Например, нефтегазовые комплексы.
  2. Конгломератный холдинг. В таком холдинге, объединяются разнородные предприятия, которые не связаны с технологическим процессом. Каждое дочернее предприятие ведет отдельный бизнес, не зависящий от других дочерних предприятий.

   3.  То, насколько компании влияют друг на друга, привело к следующему разделению:

  1. Классический холдинг. В таком холдинге, главная компания контролирует дочерние, благодаря своему большему капиталу, владеет дочерними.
  2. Перекрестный холдинг. В таком холдинге, предприятия владеют пакетами контрольных акций друг друга. Например, перекрестный холдинг характерен для Японии. Благодаря такому холдингу, происходит объединение промышленного и финансового капитала,  что способствует облегчению финансового доступа, но и имеет свои недостатки.
  • Вконтакте
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